# Thermistor And Arduino (NTC 10k Sensor) Code Example

In this tutorial, we’ll interface an NTC Thermistor And Arduino and use it as a temperature sensor. You’ll learn how NTC thermistors work and how to read an NTC 10k thermistor with Arduino code example.

## Thermistor And Arduino Interfacing (NTC 10k)

NTC (Negative Temperature Coefficient) Thermistors are temperature-sensitive resistor devices commonly used as temperature sensors. There are two types of thermistors: Negative Temperature Coefficient (NTC) and Positive Temperature Coefficient (PTC). In this tutorial, we’ll focus on NTC thermistors, which decrease in resistance as the temperature increases.

A 10k NTC has a resistance of 10kΩ at 25°C, likewise, a 100k NTC has a resistance of 100kΩ at 25°C, and so on. NTC thermistors are non-linear devices, meaning the relationship between resistance and temperature is non-linear, making it harder to interface (read) thermistors with Arduino. Unlike the more common linear temperature sensors such as: (LM35, TMP36, etc).

### Thermistor R-T Curve

In the datasheet of the NTC 10k thermistor, you can find the resistance-temperature relationship mapping table. I’ve saved the data point and used a MATLAB script to reconstruct the R-T curve of the NTC 10k thermistor which is shown below.

To read the temperature value, we need first to find out the instantaneous resistance value of the NTC thermistor. Using the resistance, we can get the corresponding temperature reading from the R-T curve shown above.

To read the resistance of the NTC thermistor with an Arduino microcontroller, we’ll construct a voltage divider network with a fixed resistor (10kΩ) in series with the NTC 10k thermistor. Reading the voltage with the Arduino’s ADC will help us figure out the resistance value as we’ll see hereafter in this tutorial.

### Thermistor And Arduino Circuit Wiring

Here is the interfacing circuit of an NTC 10k Thermistor with an Arduino UNO board.

❕ Note

The fixed resistance we need to add should be exactly 10kΩ for better temperature measurement accuracy. Therefore, I had to use a 10kΩ resistor (measures 9.8kΩ on a DMM) in series with a 220Ω resistor (measures 200Ω on a DMM) to get an exact total of 10kΩ resistance in series with my NTC 10k thermistor.

## Reading Thermistor (NTC 10k) With Arduino

To read an NTC thermistor with Arduino, you need to follow the steps below:

1. Read the voltage drop across the fixed 10k resistor
2. Calculate the resistance of the NTC thermistor
3. Use the R-T curve equation to get the corresponding temperature measurement value

Let’s dive deeper into each step of the NTC thermistor’s temperature measurement process.

### Reading The Voltage & Getting RNTC

After reading the output voltage of the voltage divider network, we can use the equation below and solve for R1 (RNTC). Given that R2 = 10kΩ, Vdd = 5v, and Vout is easily obtained using the analogRead() function.

### Getting The NTC Temperature From The R-T Curve’s Equation

After getting the NTC thermistor’s resistance (RNTC), we can use the characteristic R-T curve of the NTC to find out the corresponding temperature measurement value.

I’ve used a MATLAB algorithm to get a function approximation that models the R-T curve which can be easily incorporated into our Arduino code to get the temperature reading.

## Thermistor Arduino Code Example (NTC Temperature Sensor)

In this example project, we’ll read an NTC thermistor with Arduino and print the temperature reading over the serial port (in degrees Celsius and Fahrenheit).

The wiring diagram for this example project is shown earlier in this tutorial.

### Example Code

Here is the full code listing for this example.

### Testing Results

Here is the result of testing this project code example on my Arduino UNO board.

### NTC Thermistor’s Measurement Cycle

The measurement cycle (period) can be found by toggling a GPIO pin before and after the call to the Read_NTC10k() NTC sampling function. Here is what I’ve measured on my DSO, it’s taking around 200µs to complete. This means we can run this temperature sampling function at a maximum rate of 5kHz.

Required Parts List

Here is the full components list for all the parts you’d need to perform the practical LABs mentioned in this tutorial and the whole Arduino Programming series of tutorials found here on our website.

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★ Check The Links Below For The Full Course Kit List & LAB Test Equipment Required For Debugging ★

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## Wrap Up

To conclude this tutorial, we’ve covered how to interface an NTC thermistor with an Arduino, read temperature values, and convert them into meaningful temperature readings using a simple code example. You can build on top of the provided example project and use NTC thermistors in your temperature-sensing applications.

If you’re just getting started with Arduino, you need to check out the Arduino Getting Started [Ultimate Guide] here.